Up Learn – A Level Psychology (AQA) – approaches to psychology (Ao1)
The main feature of humanistic counselling is unconditional positive regard, which will remove a client’s conditions of worth, allowing them to achieve congruence.
More videos on Approaches to Psychology (AO1):
Approaches to Psychology (AO1)
Last time, we saw that if someone’s selves are not congruent, then they have…
If someone’s selves are not congruent, then they have conditions of worth, where these conditions of worth are what we think we need to change in order to have self-worth.
But…how do we remove these conditions of worth which prevent people from being their ideal self…and from being happy?
Well, this is the basis of Rogers’ humanistic counselling.
To remove our conditions of worth, we need to talk to someone that doesn’t set conditions on our worth.
[Avery in a counsellor’s office]
Not having conditions of worth means knowing that people will value you no matter what…that you’re perfect just the way he isyou are [counsellor telling Avery this].
Now, when someone does not set conditions of worth for us, we are receiving unconditional positive regard.
This means that there are no conditions on our worth. Instead, people just treat us with an unconditionally positive attitude.
So, when Natalie’s parents put pressure on her to get A*s, we can say that…
We can say that Natalie is not receiving unconditional positive regard, because her parents are telling her that she needs to change – she’s not perfect the way she is!
Which of these involve unconditional positive regard?
These people have conditions of worth – they do not receive unconditional positive regard.
But these do, because they don’t have any conditions of worth.
For Rogers, giving patients unconditional positive regard is the key feature of humanistic counselling, because this will remove their conditions of worth, which will…
Removing a patient’s conditions of worth will help them to achieve congruence of their self-concept and ideal self! And this will allow them to fulfil their potential 😊
So, to sum up, the main feature of humanistic counselling is…
The main feature of humanistic counselling is unconditional positive regard, which will…
Unconditional positive regard will remove a client’s conditions of worth, allowing them to achieve congruence.